Argentina: Jorge Luis Borges | Julio Cortázar | Juan Gelman | Ernesto (Che) Guevara | Roberto Juarróz | Leopoldo Lugones | Enrique Molina | Ricardo Molinari | Olga Orozco | Alejandra Pizarnik | Alfonsina Storni • Bolivia: Raul Bopp | Carlos Drummond de Andrade | Ricardo Jaimes Freyre • Brazil: Mário de Andrade | Oswald de Andrade | Manuel Bandeira | João Cabral de Melo Neto | João da Cruz e Sousa | Ferreira Gullar | Jorge de Lima | Henriqueta Lisboa | Cecília Meireles | Adélia Prado • Chile: Marjorie Agosín | Óscar Hahn | Vicente Huidobro | Víctor Jara | Enrique Lihn | Nicanor Parra | Violeta Parra | Gonzalo Rojas | Jorge Teillier | Raúl Zurita • Colombia: Álvaro Mutis • Costa Rica: Eunice Odio • Cuba: Octavio Armand | Eugenio Florit | Nicolás Guillén | José Lezama Lima | José Martí | Gabriela Mistral | Nancy Morejón | Pablo Neruda | Heberto Padilla • Ecuador: Jorge Carrera Andrade • El Salvador: Claribel Alegría | Roque Dalton | Claudia Lars • Mexico: Homero Aridjis | Rosario Castellanos | Enrique González Martínez | José Gorostiza | Efraín Huerta | Ramón López Velarde | Amado Nervo | José Emilio Pacheco | Octavio Paz | Carlos Pellicer | Alfonso Reyes | Jaime Sabines | Jaime Torres Bodet | Xavier Villaurrutia | Gabriel Zaid • Nicaragua: Ernesto Cardenal | Alfonso Cortés | Pablo Antonio Cuadra | Rubén Darío • Peru: Antonio Cisneros | José María Eguren | Carlos Germán Belli | José Santos Chocano | César Vallejo • Puerto Rico: Julia de Burgos | Luis Palés Matos • Uruguay: Delmira Agustini | Mario Benedetti | Julio Herrera y Reissig | Juana de Ibarbourou | Sara de Ibáñez
Toward the end of the millennium, consideration of Spanish American poetry has taken a multi-cultural approach, as scholars begin to emphasize poetry by women, Afro/a Hispanics, contemporary indigenous communities and other subcultural groupings. Poetry, and creative writing in general, also tended to become more professionalized with the growth of Creative Writing programs. After Modernismo and World War I, there were many new currents which influenced Spanish American poets — Cubism, Futurism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Ultraism — Argentinian poet Borges brings it to this continent. Creacionismo — Huidobro. All this (1910 and 1940). Many more movements and groups continue to write the history of Spanish American literature until the present.
Nicolás Guillénn from Cuba and Luis Palés-Matos from Puerto Rico incorporate the African roots in the rhythm of their poetry, making their song unique. Afro-Caribbean trends reappear in the poetry of Nuyorican poets such as Pedro Pietri, Miguel Algarin and Giannina Braschi who continue the tradition of poetry as performance art with anti-imperialist political punch.
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