AUDIENCE: Professors, researchers, scholars, students
ADVERTISEMENTS: No advertisements
AUTHOR: Experts in the field, professionals.
CONTENT & FOCUS: Original thoughts, ideas, research, new methodologies.
DOCUMENTATION: Bibliographies, footnotes.
ILLUSTRATIONS: Few illustrations, relevant research oriented charts, graphs, and tables.
LANGUAGE: Specialized formal language.
LENGTH: Usually quite lengthy, giving in-depth research, theories, analysis.
PUBLICATION FREQUENCY: Usually published monthly, or quarterly.
EXAMPLES: Animal Biology, Journal of Ecology.