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English Composition | Professor Lewis: APA Style

Professor Dorienne Lewis English Composition Courses

APA Citation Style

Purdue OWL - APA Style

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Basic Principles of Reference List Entries

A reference list entry generally has four elements: the author, date, title, and source. Each element answers a question:

  • authorWho is responsible for this work?
  • dateWhen was this work published?
  • titleWhat is this work called?
  • sourceWhere can I retrieve this work?

Answering these four questions will help you create a reference entry for any type of work, even if you do not see a specific example in the Publication Manual that matches it. Consistency in reference formatting allows readers to understand the types of works you consulted and the important reference elements with ease.

Example of where to find reference information for a journal article

The in-text citation for a work corresponds to the reference list entry. For example, the in-text citation for the work in the example is Botto and Rochat (2018) or (Botto & Rochat, 2018).

In-text citation corresponds to the reference list entry

From APA Style, Basic Principles of Reference List Entries

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Sample Student Paper


APA Sample Paper