Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Are you new to APA Style? Start here.
The American Psychological Association (APA) Style is a method for formatting research papers and giving appropriate credit to the resources you use. APA also establishes writing standards and helps you prepare your work for possible publication. Following a common structure makes it easier for your readers to follow the ideas expressed in your paper.
- Use the same font throughout your paper.
- A variety of font options are permitted.
- 1-inch margins on all sides (top, bottom, left, and right).
- Double-space the entire paper.
- Insert page numbers in the top right corner of every page.
Order of pages
- Title page (page 1)
- Text (starts on a new page after the title page)
- References (start on a new page after the end of the text)
- Check with your professor for additional requirements, such as tables, figures, or appendices.
APA Style uses the author-date citation system. A brief in-text citation directs readers to your references page.
You should use an in-text citation for any ideas or information that is not your own or not common knowledge. You can:
- paraphrase - put information in your own words
- quote - copy/paste directly from a source
In-text citations can be:
The References page provides full citations for all the sources you cited in your paper.
The format of the citation will vary. In general, every citation includes:
Use cautiously. Double-check results. You may need to make corrections.
ZoteroBib is a free, web-based tool that helps create in-text citations and reference page citations.
Are you transitioning from 6th to 7th Edition? Start here.
APA Style Blog
Official companion to the APA Style Manual. Posts respond to common questions.
APA Style and Grammar Guidelines
Guidance on various aspects of an APA style paper: paper format, grammar, bias-free language, tables & figures, in-text citations, references, and research & publication.
Search for complete citation information. Locate DOIs.
Handouts & Tutorials
Additional handouts on avoiding plagiarism, abbreviations, numbers, and more: APA Handouts.