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Citation Styles for Research Papers: Style Websites

A list of the most often used writing styles

Style Websites

  • APA Style.org FAQs
  •        
  • American Psychological Association                                 

APA Style Guide

APA Style: The Social Sciences

In most social science classes, you will be asked to use the APA system for documenting sources, which is set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (Washington, DC: APA, 2010). APA recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of references.

An in-text citation gives the author of the source (often in a signal phrase), the year of publication, and at times a page number in parentheses. At the end of the paper, a list of references provides publication information about the source (click here for a sample list of references).


IN-TEXT CITATION

Yanovski and Yanovski (2002) reported that “the current state of the treatment for obesity is similar to the state of the treatment of hypertension several decades ago” (p. 600).


ENTRY IN THE LIST OF REFERENCES

Yanovski, S. Z., & Yanovski, J. A. (2002). Drug therapy: Obesity. The New England Journal of Medicine, 346, 591-602.

For a reference list that includes this entry, click here.

Use the menu at the top left for help with Finding Sources or Documenting Sources in the humanities.

MLA Style Guide

Research & Documentation Online 5th Edition

MLA Style: English and Other Humanities

In English and other humanities classes, you may be asked to use the MLA (Modern Language Association) system for documenting sources, which is set forth in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. (New York: MLA, 2009).

MLA recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of works cited. An in-text citation names the author of the source, often in a signal phrase, and gives a page number in parentheses. At the end of the paper, a list of works cited provides publication information about the source; the list is alphabetized by authors’ last names (or by titles for works without authors).


IN-TEXT CITATION

Jay Kesan notes that even though many companies now routinely monitor employees through electronic means, “there may exist less intrusive safeguards for employers” (293).


ENTRY IN THE LIST OF WORKS CITED

Kesan, Jay P. “Cyber-Working or Cyber-Shirking? A First Principles Examination of Electronic Privacy in the Workplace.” Florida Law Review 54.2 (2002): 289-332. Print.

For a list of works cited that includes this entry click here.

Use the menu at the top left for help with Finding Sources or Documenting Sources in the humanities.