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EAP1586 | Professor Porges-West: Evaluation Strategies

This guide contains resources for students of Professor Ileana Porges-West's EAP1586 courses, Fall 2018

Evaluation Strategies

The CRAAP Test

Currency: The timeliness of the information.
  • When was the information published or posted?

  • Has the information been revised or updated?

  • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?

  • Are the links functional?

Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?

  • Who is the intended audience?

  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?

  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use?

  • Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?

Authority: The source of the information.
  • Who is the author / publisher / source / sponsor?

  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?

  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?

  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?

  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source (examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net)?

Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
  • Where does the information come from?

  • Is the information supported by evidence?

  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?

  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?

  • Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?

  • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

Purpose: The reason the information exists.
  • What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?

  • Do the authors / sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?

  • Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?

  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?

  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

From the Meriam Library at California State University, Chico, Is this source or information good?

Types of Internet Sites




Non-Profit | Advocacy


Business | Marketing


.gov, .mil






Government: federal, state, and local

Educational Institutions

Non-Profit Organizations

Newspapers, News Organizations


Restricted or Open








Mostly high

Can vary

Can vary




Can vary

Can vary





Usually low

Typically high



Fake News

You need to evaluate your news sources in the same way you evaluated your research sources. Here are some resources to guide you on how to evaluate your news sources:

How to Spot Fake News; Consider the Source, Read Beyond, Check the Author, Supporting Sources?, check the Date, Is it a Joke?, Check your Biases, Ask the Experts

​(How To Spot Fake News by IFLA, permission to distribute)

(3:41, TedEd, Standard YouTube License)

(2:55, Standard YouTube license)

LibGuide Resources

Understanding & Identifying Fake News LibGuide