(Database Source) Forestry & Fishing
Fish is a food staple for the Japanese and is second in importance only to rice. Consequently, fishing is one of the most important industries, both for the domestic and export markets. The Japanese fishing fleet is one of the world’s largest. The industry may be divided into three principal categories: offshore, coastal, and deep-sea fishing. Offshore fishing from medium-sized boats accounts for much of the value of the annual catch. Deep-sea fishing is conducted by large vessels in international fishing grounds, while coastal fishing is carried out by small boats, set nets, or cultivation. The fish catch includes sardines, bonito, crab, pike, prawn, salmon, pollack, mackerel, squid, clams, saury, sea bream, tuna, yellowtail, and anchovies.