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Introduction to Honduras
- Capital: Tegucigalpa
- Official Language: Spanish
- Currency: Lempira
- Pre-Columbian: The region was inhabited by indigenous tribes like the Maya, Lenca, Tolupan, and more.
- Spanish Conquest: Honduras was conquered by Spain in the early 1500s and made part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala.
- Independence: Gained independence from Spain in 1821 and joined the Federal Republic of Central America before full sovereignty in 1838.
- 20th Century: Period of instability and military rule, including the 2009 coup against President Manuel Zelaya.
Culture & Traditions
- Cuisine: Known for baleadas, carne asada, tamales, seafood dishes, and more.
- Folklore: Garifuna culture has a strong presence. Punta music and dance are popular.
- Religion: Majority Catholic Christian. Minority Protestant, indigenous beliefs.
- Sports: Soccer is the most popular sport, followed by baseball.
Geography & Environment
- Caribbean Coast: Home to coral reefs, rainforests, beaches, islands. Known as the Bay Islands.
- Interior Highlands: Mountainous terrain covered in pine and oak forests. Contains most major cities.
- Climate: Tropical, rainy climate. Prone to hurricanes and tropical storms.
- José Cecilio del Valle - Patriot and poet, "Father of Honduran Independence"
- Ramón Amaya Amador - Novelist, wrote about life in Honduras
- Carloz Flores Facussé - Businessman, newspaper owner, politician
- MSN - Popular Honduran music artist
- Economic Overview: Honduras has a developing economy reliant on agriculture, manufacturing, and remittances. Major exports are coffee, apparel, bananas, seafood, and palm oil.
- Tourist Attractions: The Bay Islands have become a major coastal destination. Inland cities like Copán and Comayagua have colonial architecture. Eco-tourism opportunities in areas like La Mosquitia.
Recommended Readings & Film
- "In the Country of Men" by Giaconda Belli (Honduran author)
- "Prisoner of the Word" by Ricardo Lindo (Honduran novelist)
- "The Green House" by Mario Roberto Morales (novel set in Honduras)
- "Who Killed Cock Robin?" (Muerte de un Gallero) - Honduran film drama
- "Amor y Frijoles" - Honduran romantic comedy
- "The Soccer Player and the Referee" (El Jugador y el Árbitro) - Honduran sports film