Every day, it seems more and more challenging to determine the reliability of the information we encounter. Information experts such as librarians, journalists, and researchers have developed sets of criteria with easy-to-remember acronyms to help us evaluate sources and avoid misinformation and disinformation. None are perfect, but the descriptions below can help you decide which set of criteria is best suited to your needs. Click the acronym to see a more detailed explanation. For more tools and advice for evaluating information, visit Fake News (and how to fight it).
Research scientist Mike Caulfield is critical of checklists like CRAAP and RADAR and advises us to take a more active approach to evaluating information. SIFT combines a streamlined list of things to look for with a practical list of things to do.
Librarian Dawn Stahura urges us to consider social justice when evaluating sources. Her ACT UP checklist addresses issues such as privilege in academic publishing and the consequences of sharing unverified information.