Skip to Main Content

Colombia: Home

Introduction to Colombia

  • Capital: Bogotá
  • Official Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Colombian peso (COP)


  • Pre-Colonial Period: Indigenous civilizations like the Muisca and Tairona thrived in the region.
  • Spanish Colonization: Colombia was colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century.
  • Independence: Colombia, along with other South American countries, declared independence from Spain in 1810.
  • Gran Colombia: Colombia was part of Gran Colombia, led by Simón Bolívar, before becoming a separate nation in 1831.

Culture & Traditions

  • Music: Cumbia, vallenato, and salsa are prominent musical genres in Colombia.
  • Cuisine: Colombian dishes include arepas, bandeja paisa, and empanadas. Coffee is a significant export and cultural icon.
  • Festivals: The Carnival of Barranquilla and the Flower Festival of Medellín are famous celebrations in Colombia.

Geography & Environment

  • Andes Mountains: Colombia is home to a significant portion of the Andes, offering stunning landscapes.
  • Amazon Rainforest: The southern part of Colombia shares the Amazon rainforest, teeming with biodiversity.
  • Caribbean and Pacific Coasts: Colombia's coastline offers beautiful beaches and vibrant coastal culture.

Famous Personalities

  • Gabriel García Márquez: Nobel laureate and author of "One Hundred Years of Solitude."
  • Shakira: Internationally acclaimed singer and songwriter.
  • Fernando Botero: Renowned artist known for his distinctive figurative style.

Modern Colombia

  • Economic Overview: Colombia has a diverse economy, including agriculture (coffee, flowers), mining, and manufacturing.
  • Tourism: Colombia has emerged as a top tourist destination, with attractions like Cartagena, Bogotá, and the coffee region.
  • Sports: Football (soccer) is a beloved sport, with Colombia's national team achieving international success.

Recommended Readings & Film

  • Books:
    • "One Hundred Years of Solitude" by Gabriel García Márquez
    • "Love in the Time of Cholera" by Gabriel García Márquez
    • "Outlaws of the Marsh" by Alberto Salcedo Ramos
  • Films:
    • "Embrace of the Serpent" (2015)
    • "The Wind Journeys" (2009)
    • "Monos" (2019)