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Introduction to Mexico
- Capital: Mexico City
- Official Language: Spanish
- Currency: Mexican peso (MXN)
- Pre-Colonial Period: Mexico was home to ancient civilizations like the Maya, Aztec, and Olmec.
- Spanish Colonization: Mexico was colonized by the Spanish in the early 16th century.
- Independence: Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, led by figures like Miguel Hidalgo and José María Morelos.
- Republic Era: Mexico's history includes periods of political upheaval, such as the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century.
Culture & Traditions
- Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos): A unique celebration honoring deceased loved ones with colorful altars and offerings.
- Cuisine: Mexican cuisine is famous for dishes like tacos, enchiladas, and tamales, often featuring spicy flavors and ingredients like chili peppers.
- Mariachi: Traditional Mexican music characterized by the use of instruments like guitars and trumpets.
Geography & Environment
- Sierra Madre Mountains: Mexico is home to the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental mountain ranges.
- Beaches: Mexico's coasts on the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea offer beautiful beach destinations like Cancún and Acapulco.
- Biodiversity: Mexico is one of the world's megadiverse countries, with various ecosystems and species.
- Frida Kahlo: Renowned painter known for her self-portraits and contributions to Mexican art.
- Diego Rivera: Influential muralist famous for his large-scale works depicting Mexican history and culture.
- Vicente Fox: Former President of Mexico and prominent political figure.
- Economic Overview: Mexico has a diverse economy, including manufacturing (automotive industry), agriculture (corn, avocados), and tourism.
- Tourist Attractions: Mexico offers a wealth of attractions, including Chichen Itza, Teotihuacan, and the beaches of Playa del Carmen.
- Sports: Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Mexico, with a strong professional league.
Recommended Readings & Film
- "Like Water for Chocolate" by Laura Esquivel
- "Pedro Páramo" by Juan Rulfo
- "The Labyrinth of Solitude" by Octavio Paz
- "Y Tu Mamá También" (2001)
- "Amores Perros" (2000)
- "Pan's Labyrinth" (2006)