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Florida: Florida 1821-1865

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Florida Plantations

Florida Plantations

The transfer of Florida from Spain to the United States in 1821 prompted the migration of thousands of American planters into Middle Florida, the region bounded on the west by the Appalachicola River and on the east by the Suwannee.

Alcyone Plantation (pictured), a Greek revival home located in Hamilton County, Florida, was built in the 1850’s by John R. Stapler.

Cotton became the major cash crop and large numbers of African slaves toiled on plantations owned by the planter elite. On the eve of the Civil War in 1860, enslaved persons made up more than half of Middle Florida's population.

The History of Alcyone Plantation

Florida Counties, 1860

Florida 1860

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Florida Battles

Florida Battles

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The Cotton Boll Conspiracy

The vote on succession in the South

A century and a half ago, secession was in full swing throughout the South. South Carolina had left the Union in December 1860 and Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana all followed suit in January. Texas did likewise on Feb. 1, 1861.