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NUR 3165: Evidence-Based Nursing Practice: Process of EBP

What is Evidence-Based Practice?


Evidence-based practice is "the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of the individual patient. It means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research." 

Sackett, D. L., et al. (1996). Evidence-based medicine: What it is and what it isn't. BMJ, 312, 71 - 72.

Process of Evidence-Based Practice

Image of 5 steps of evidence based practice

  1. ASSESS: Assess the patient and the problem to determine the pertinent issues.
  2. ASK: Develop a focused clinical question.
  3. ACQUIRE: Find the best evidence from the literature.
  4. APPRAISE: Critically appraise the evidence for validity and relevance. 
  5. APPLY: Apply the evidence to practice.