This paper analyzes the causes of genocide by focusing on the Holocaust and the Rwandan genocide. Contributing factors that enable genocide are: (1) an authoritarian government; (2) a proper propaganda industry, spewing racist ideology; (3) and nationalism for justification of atrocities. I will compare these two events, which happened in two distinct eras, with two distinct cultures, and in two distinct regions of the world. My main sources are The Rise and Fall of The Third Reich, by William L. Shirer, and the Historical Background on the Rwandan Genocide by Alexander Cruden. This comparison will show that genocide is a universal danger that can happen anywhere, given the right circumstances, and attempt to forewarn the world about the conditions that have led humans to commit atrocities.
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